Both countries also have non-governmental organizations active in the field of the environment (NGOs) that offer a strong representation of interests and a generally high level of expertise. Multilateral agreements have been concluded and progress is being made in the implementation of common standards. For agreements to be legally binding, the parties must have some sort of record that all parties involved have agreed to the terms. This is usually done in the form of a contract that is signed. See the following examples of bilateral treaties. The fifth advantage applies to emerging countries. Bilateral trade agreements tend to favour the country with the best economy. This penalizes the weakest nation. But strengthening emerging economies helps the developed economy over time. The US has become increasingly dominant in terms of military and economic power, leading countries like Iran, China and India to question the relevance of the United Nations. At the same time, internationalists such as former UN Secretary-General Kofi Annan have argued that the US is more inclined to act unilaterally in situations with international repercussions. This trend began when the United States The Senate refused, in October 1999, to ratify the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty signed by President Bill Clinton in September 1996.
Under President George W. Bush, the United States rejected multilateral agreements such as the Kyoto Protocol, the International Criminal Court, the Ottawa Treaty banning anti-personnel mines, and a draft protocol to ensure states` compliance with the Biological Weapons Convention. . . .